If you were absent today, the information below is what you missed:
TP-FASSTT Poetry Analysis
ELACCL9-10RL4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone
Title: Anticipate Meaning. Questions?
Paraphrase: What’s it about? One-two sentences.
Figurative Devices: Look beyond the literal at figurative and sound devices. How affect meaning/ feeling?
Attitude: Analyze narrator’s and poet’s attitude (tone.)
Shifts: Note shifts in tone, subject, speaker, situation, diction.
Speaker: Who is the voice behind the poem?
Title: Re-think the meaning of the title.
Theme: What is the poem saying? What is "message?"
DETAILED DIRECTIONS FOR USING TP-FASTT
Mark the poem as you read, and make notes on the following:
Ponder the title before reading the poem; predict what the poem may be "about."
Put the poem into your own words. Focus on one syntactical unit at a time, not necessarily on one line at a time, or write a sentence or two for each stanza of the poem.
Examine any and all poetic devices, focusing how such devices contribute to the meaning, the effect, or both, of a poem (What is important is not that you can identify poetic devices so much as you can explain how the devices enhance meaning and effect). Especially note anything that is repeated, either individual words or complete phrases. Anything said more than once may be crucial to interpretation. (See below for devices.)
Observe both the speaker’s and the poet’s attitude (tone). Diction, images, and details suggest the speaker’s attitude and contribute to the meaning.
Rarely does a poet begin and end the poetic experience at the same place. As is true for most of us, the poet’s understanding of an experience is a gradual realization, and the poem is a reflection of that epiphany. Trace the changing attitudes of the speaker from the beginning to end, paying particular attention to the conclusion. To discover shifts, watch for the following:
The speaker is the voice behind the poem – the person we imagine to be speaking. It’s important to note that the speaker is not the poet. Even if the poem is biographical, you should treat the speaker as a fictional creation, because the writer is choosing what to say about himself.
Examine the title again, this time on an interpretive level.
In identifying theme, recognize the human experience, motivation, or condition suggested.
Figurative Devices to Know
Alliteration—the repetition of beginning consonant sounds
Allusion—a reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person, place, or thing
Apostrophe—a form of personification in which the absent or dead are spoken to as if present and the inanimate as if animate
Assonance—the repetition of internal vowel sounds in a series of words
Consonance—the repetition of an internal consonant sound within a series of words to produce a harmonious effect
Diction—word choice. Is the poet using formal or informal language? Does the poetry hinge on slang or a dialect? If so, what is the purpose?
Enjambment—the running-on of one line of poetry into another
Hyperbole—a deliberate, extravagant and often outrageous exaggeration. It may be used for either serious or comic effect.
Iambic Pentameter—a line of ten syllables using the pattern of unstressed/stressed
Imagery—the use of words to represent things, actions, or ideas by sensory description
Irony—the discrepancy between appearance and reality
Metaphor—an implied comparison
Metonymy—the name of one object for another with which it is closely associated
Onomatopoeia—the use of words in which seem to resemble the sounds they describe
Oxymoron—a form of paradox that combines a pair of contrary terms into a single expression. This combination usually serves the purpose of shocking the reader into awareness.
Paradox—a situation, action, or feeling that appears to be contradictory but on inspection turns out to be true or at least to make sense
Personification—a kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics
Rhyme—similarity of sounds, usually at the end of lines. Perfect: identical sounds (dead/red); Slant: sounds that are close but not identical (down/then); Eye: words that look as if they sound alike (move/love)
Rhyme Scheme—the rhyming pattern found in a poem
Sonnet—a fixed form of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter
Simile—a comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words like, as, or than.
Symbolism—the use of one object which stands for something else
Synecdoche—a form of metaphor which substitutes a part for the whole
Understatement—the opposite of hyperbole. It is a kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less than it really is.
In order to help you understand the content of your 10th grade literature class, you will find information from which you need to take notes. You will also find additional materials to help you along in the course.